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Spanish descriptive adjectives: Adjectives for nationalities

Adjectives describe or give information about nouns or pronouns.

The form of adjectives in Spanish changes and it agrees with the noun and pronoun in gender (masculine or feminine) and number (singular or plural).

They must agree in gender with the noun they modify or add information.

- Most masculine adjectives end in -o: italiano

- Most feminine adjectives end in -a: italiana

- Adjectives that do not end in -o or -a use the same form for masculine or feminine: costarricense, canadiense, estadounidense...

- Adjectives that end in -a do not have changes: croata, belga...

- Adjectives that end in -án in the masculine form, made the feminine in -ana, dropping the accent: alemán, alemana.

- Adjectives that end in -és in the masculine form, made the feminine in -esa, dropping the accent: inglés, inglesa.

They must agree in number with the noun they modify or add information.

- If the adjective ends in a vowel, add -s: italiano - italianos, italiana - italianas.

- If the adjective ends in a -z, changes to c: andaluz - andaluces.

- If the adjective end in -án, made the plural in -anes, dropping the accent: alemán, alemanes.

- If the adjective end in -és, made the plural in -eses, dropping the accent: inglés, ingleses .

 

albano, albana Bosnian
alemán, alemana German
andorrano, andorrana Andorran
austriaco, austriaca Austrian
belga Belgian
bielorruso, bielorrusa Bielorrusian
bosnio, bosnia Bosnian
búlgaro, búlgara Bulgarian
checo, checa Czech
croata Croatian
danés, danesa Danish
eslovaco, eslovaca Slovak
esloveno, eslovena Slovenian
español, española Spanish
estonio, estonia Estonian
fines, finesa Finnish
francés, francesa French
griego, griega Greek
holandés, holandesa Dutch
húngaro, húngara Hungarian
inglés, inglesa British
irlandés, irlandesa Irish
islandés, islandesa Icelandic
italiano, italiana Italian
letón, letona Latvian
lituano, lituana Lithuanian
luxemburgués, luxemburguesa Luxembourg
macedonio, macedonia Macedone
montenegrino, montenegrina Montenegrin
noruego, noruega Norwegian
polaco, polaca Polish
portugués, portuguesa Portuguese
rumano, rumana Roumanian
ruso, rusa Russian
servio, servia Serbian
sueco, sueca Swedish
suizo, suiza Swiss
ucraniano, ucraniana Ukranian
   
argentino, argentina Argentine
boliviano, boliviana Bolivian
brasileño, brasileña Brazilian
canadiense Canadian
chileno, chilena Chilean
colombiano, colombiana Colombian
costarricense Costa Rican
cubano, cubana Cuban
dominicano, dominicana Dominican
ecuatoriano, ecuatoriana Ecuadorian
salvadoreño, salvadoreña Salvadoran
guatemalteco, guatemalteca Guatemalan
hondureño, hondureña Honduran
mexicano, mexicana Mexican
nicaragüense Nicaraguan
panameño, panameña Panamanian
paraguayo, paraguaya Paraguayan
peruani, peruana Peruvian
portorriqueño, portorriqueña Puerto Rican
estadounidense American
uruguayo, uraguayo Uruguayan
venezolanoa Venezuelan
   
argentino, argentina Argentine
boliviano, boliviana Bolivian
brasileño, brasileña Brazilian
canadiense Canadian
chileno, chilena Chilean
colombiano, colombiana Colombian
costarricense Costa Rican
cubano, cubana Cuban
dominicano, dominicana Dominican
ecuatoriano, ecuatoriana Ecuadorian
salvadoreño, salvadoreña Salvadoran
guatemalteco, guatemalteca Guatemalan
hondureño, hondureña Honduran
mexicano, mexicana Mexican
nicaragüense Nicaraguan
panameño, panameña Panamanian
paraguayo, paraguaya Paraguayan
peruani, peruana Peruvian
portorriqueño, portorriqueña Puerto Rican
estadounidense American
uruguayo, uraguayo Uruguayan
venezolanoa Venezuelan
   

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